Exploring Various Endoscopes and Thier Uses

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An endoscope is a tubular medical instrument with an optic fiber system that provides light, with which to view an area within the body without invasive surgery.  There are many types of endoscopes, each with a particular purpose, and understanding those can be very confusing. In this article, we will list a number of them and describe what the purpose of each is.


  • Arthroscope

           Arthroscopy is used for examination and / or treatment of damage to the joints, for example, during knee surgery. 

  • Brochoscope

           Bronchoscopes are used to examine the lungs for infection, bleeding, tumors, or blockages, and to take tissue or mucus samples.

  • Colonoscope

           Colonoscopes allow you to view the interior lining of the large intestine to identify possible ulcers, polyps, tumors, inflammation, or bleeding.

  • Colposcope

           A colposcope is placed at the opening of the vagina and provides an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix, and is typiaclly used for the purpose of preventing cervical cancer by detection of precancerous lesions.

  • Cystoscope

           A cystoscope is inserted through the urethra, for the purpose of viewing the interior of the bladder, for the treatment of urinary problems.

  • Duodenoscope

           A duodenoscope is inserted through the mouth and is used to view the small intestine, and is useful for removing gall stones, draining bile ducts, and treating pancreatitis for example.

  • Enteroscope

            Enteroscopes are used in the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, infections, viruses, bleeding, tumors or other abnormalities within the digestive system.  

  • Esophagoscope

            An esophagoscope is used to visualize the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract to the duodenum. It is inserted through the mouth, and while considered a minimally invasive procedure, will typically cause a sore throat.

  • Gastroscope

            Also inserted through the mouth, a gastroscope is used in the diagnosis and treatment of problems such as ulcers, cancers, and celiac disease within the stomach and duodenum (small intestine).

  • Hysteroscope

            Hysteroscopes are inserted into the uterus through the cervix, and provide the ability to remove polyps, fibroids, adhesions, and lost IUDs, or perform biopsies, endometrial ablation, or for cannulation of the fallopian tubes.

  • Laparoscope

            Inserted through a small incision in the abdomen, laparoscopes diagnose and treat problems within the stomach, liver, or other abdominal organ, including female reproductive organs.

  • Laryngoscope

            Inserted through the mouth, laryngoscopes treat and diagnose problems in the larynx. It may also be used to facilitate tracheal intubation during general anaesthesia or cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

  • Neuroendoscope

           A neuroendoscope is inserted through a small incision in the skull near the target area of the brain which is to be treated.

  • Proctoscope

           A proctoscope, also known as a rectoscope, is typically used to diagnose or treat hemorroids or rectal polyps.

  • Sigmoidoscope

           Sigmoidoscopes are inserted through the anus and used for examination of the large intestine, from the rectum to the most distal part of the colon.

  • Thoracoscope

           A thoracoscope is inserted through a small incision in the chest, and used for examination, biopsy or treatment of disease within the pleural cavity (lungs) and thoracic cavity (heart).

  • Ureteroscope

           Ureteroscopes are used for examination of the urinary tract. Common reasons for this procedure include diagnosis or removal of ureter or kidney stones, urinary tract infections, and  cancers, polyps, and tumors.

Some other types of tools commonly used during endoscopy include:

          Flexible Forceps ( For taking tissue samples )

          Biopsy Forceps  ( For taking tissue samples or removing suspicious growths )

          Cytology Brush   ( For taking cell samples )

          Suture removal Forceps   ( For removing stitches inside the body )



M.D. Endoscopy

As the industry leader of pre-owned, refurbished and used endoscopy equipment, M.D. Endoscopy, Inc. offers one of the largest inventories of endoscopes in the world. We offer products from all major manufacturers including but not limited to Olympus, Pentax and Fujinon with the only and most comprehensive 24-month warranty in the industry.

Contact Us

  1-800-866-ENDO (3636)

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Daytona Beach, FL. 32117